The commune of Cârţa (Cârţa and Ineu)
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The two settlements Cârţa and Ineu have always formed a commune, both administratively, and ecclesiastically. This is the only commune of the micro-region of Upper Ciuc, which is situated as two pieces of the string settlements characteristic to this region. About the origins of Cârţa there are no written records, but concluding from the Szeklers, the development of the settlement and quarters in the Ciuc Basin into a village system, it can be estimated to be around the end of the 12th century and the beginning of the 13th century. The original name of the village is highly debated, but as Nagyboldogasszony parish it already appears in the documents of the 1400’s, as proof there is the church built in the 14-15th century, which is still used in common with Ineu. Cârţa was then and still is the centre of the Nagyboldogasszony parish. The commune is crossed by the Olt and the Székaszó river, which meet at the southern part under the church hill, at the northern border of Cârţa. The natural facilities of the villages are very diverse, since its borders reach to the north, east and west very far.

The great events of the history had shown their influence in the commune of Cârţa in the same way as in other settlements of the region. The commune was once the seat of the district, fact which stamped its traits upon the construction style of the commune centre.  Its beauty is given by the buildings erected at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.

On the basis of the census data of 2002 the total population is around 5500, and the overwhelming majority is Catholic. The pride of the commune is the fortified church built in 1444, which is one of the most beautiful constructions of Upper Ciuc both from the point of the aspect and the cultural value. The church occupies a central position inside the circle created by the administrative boundaries. This can be proven in the present case as well if we take the total of the territory of both villages as administrative land. Orbán Balázs wrote about this church: “At the upper end of Karczfalva, from the mountain called Madicsa rises a conglomerate hill rock, in the east surrounded by the Olt, in the south by the brook of Székaszó, on its top blade is crowned by the beautifully located church of Nagybolgodasszonyfalva, which with its olden fortified walls, shining high tower representing the highlight of this region, otherwise, it is a monument to be worth considering in regard to the architecture.”

The pharmacy, the credit union, the local branch of the savings bank (CEC) have been functioning for years and relieve significantly the settling of financial operations of individuals, economic and commercial units. Stepping into the 21st century, the development got more spectacular, since due to the possibilities offered by the projects and the board of the commune, greater progresses were accomplished (drinking water distribution network, sewerage network, consolidation of river banks etc.). On the occasion of the feast days of Nagyboldogasszony (the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary) celebrated in August of 2000, according to the name of the ceremony, the school received a new name after Mártonffy György bishop, a native of the village. In the present, in both settlement functions a school and kindergarten dealing with 378 pupils.

The most important cultural programme of the commune of Cârţa is the feast days of Nagyboldogasszony (the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary) which is organised every year on 15 August since 2000.

In Cârţa was built the first rural ice rink of Romania, which related to entertainment, ice-hockeying and sporting possibilities makes room for new possibilities for the entire Upper Ciuc.

 
 

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